STATE COMPONENT UNDER SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
SSA provides for support at State level from the 6% management
cost as also the funds for Research, Evaluation, Supervision and
monitoring at State level. The cost of State level orientation
and training programmes can be built into the District Plans at
the State level. This does not imply that there will not be a
state component. The State Component has to be integrated with
the needs of the district. Support to SCERT over and above the
support under the Teacher Education Scheme can come from the
State component under the SSA. The objective of the State
component is to facilitate programme implementation and provide
support for capacity development at all levels.
Effective monitoring would also require a system of intensive
review and planning mechanism at the State level. The State
level team will constantly undertake field visits to ascertain
the quality of programme implementation. Information systems to
monitor progress with regard to SSA objectives, effective
structures for financial management and audit, support to
districts for capacity development, are some areas that require
continuous partnership with the State level team.
The management structure under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan at all
levels has to be accountable to the State specific arrangements
for decentralised management of education. This would require
full transparency in all activities. Since the effort is to
strengthen the mainstream structures, SSA would involve
investment for human resource development among the education
department functionaries. Exposure visits, orientation
programmes for capacity enhancement, working with Non
Governmental Organizations, developing partnerships with elected
representatives for universal elementary education, focus on
special educational needs of focus groups, capacity for
implementation of quality related interventions, will be
integral to the management structure. Partnerships like the
Total Literacy Campaign management structures within the overall
Panchayati Raj/ Tribal Autonomous Council set-up will be
required to build an effective management system.
The State level team also has to encourage diversity across
districts and document good practices so that they could be
adopted in other regions.
Management of Accounts and Audit has also to be an important
area requiring attention at all levels. Proper maintenance of
books of accounts at all levels, generation of financial
progress reports, utilization certificates, financial and social
audit of interventions, transparency about findings, systems of
continuous improvement will have to be developed to sustain
effective programme implementation.
ILLUSTRATIVE MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE AT STATE, DISTRICT AND
The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan allows States/ UTs to have their own
management structures, respecting the diversity that exists in
these structures across the States. This, however, does not mean
that decentralization will not be monitored. In fact, the effort
is to empower schools to take their own decisions, within the
overall management context of a state/UT.
The States have to set up the State level Implementation
Society. In DPEP states, it is likely that the existing DPEP
Society will be suitably modified to meet the needs of UEE. In
other States/UTs either new Societies are being set up or
existing Societies like the State Level Mission Authorities for
literacy are being suitably modified. The linkage with the
mainstream educational administration set up has been emphasised.
The State level Implementation Societies have to have effective
monitoring and operational support units. Creation of an
effective EMIS unit, a team of experts to provide support in
specific functional areas, regular monitoring, supervision and
appraisal activities, etc. will have to be organised at the
State level Implementation Society. These structures could come
up from the 6 percent management costs available under SSA.
While doing so, States have to ensure that the educational
mainstream has to be totally involved in programme activities.
This however, does not, rule out the requirement for specific
strengthening of the machinery by infusion of experts.
Each State would like to reľorganize the State level setup in
the mission mode. Like the National Mission, the State level
Mission will have to carry out a large number of monitoring and
operational support tasks. In the DPEP states, such support may
be provided by the existing State level set up. State level
Programme Support Unit will have to be established in non-DPEP
States. This office, suitably strengthened, will have the added
responsibility of implementing Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
District and Sub district units will similarly be set up by the
State. As mentioned in the section on community planning
process, creation of a district, Block and Cluster level teams
comprising of governmental and non governmental persons would go
a long way in establishing effective structures. The selection
of the core team has to be very careful, as that would determine
the quality of programme implementation. Setting up of EMIS team
has to be done on priority in order to put in place an effective
MIS. The infusion of additional contractual staff will only be
after an assessment of the existing staff strength. Effort will
be made to involve representatives of Non Governmental
Organizations with proven excellence while constituting teams
for programme implementation at various levels.