WHY A FRAMEWORK FOR IMPLEMENTATION (AND NOT A GUIDELINE)?
To allow states to formulate context specific guidelines within
the overall framework
To encourage districts in States and UTs to reflect local
To promote local need based planning based on broad National
To make planning a realistic exercise by adopting broad national
objectives are expressed nationally though it is expected that
various districts and States are likely to achieve
universalisation in their own respective contexts and in their
own time frame. 2010 is the outer limit for such achievements.
The emphasis is on mainstreaming out-of-school children through
diverse strategies, as far as possible, and on providing eight
years of schooling for all children in 6-14 age group. The
thrust is on bridging of gender and social gaps and a total
retention of all children in schools. Within this framework it
is expected that the education system will be made relevant so
that children and parents find the schooling system useful and
absorbing, according to their natural and social environment.
SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN AS A FRAMEWORK AND AS A PROGRAMME :
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has two aspects –
It provides a wide convergent framework for
implementation of Elementary Education schemes;
It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening
vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education.
While all investments in the elementary education sector from
the State and the Central Plans will reflect as part of the SSA
framework, they will all merge into the SSA programme within the
next few years. As a programme, it reflects the additional
resource provision for UEE.