FINANCIAL NORMS UNDER SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
The assistance under the programme of Sarva
Shiksha Abhiyan will be on a 85:15 sharing arrangement during
the IX Plan, 75:25 sharing arrangement during the X Plan, and
50:50 sharing thereafter between the Central government and
State governments. Commitments regarding sharing of costs would
be taken from State governments in writing.
State governments will have to maintain their level of
investment in elementary education as in 1999-2000. The
contribution as State share for SSA will be over and above this
Government of India would release funds to the State
Governments/Union Territories only and installments (except
first) would only be released after the previous installments of
Central government and State share has been transferred to the
State Implementation Society.
support for teacher salary appointed under the SSA programme
could be shared between the Central Government and the State
government in a ratio of 85:15 during the IX Plan, 75:25 during
the X Plan and 50:50 thereafter.
legal agreements regarding externally assisted projects will
continue to apply unless specific modifications have been agreed
to, in consultation with foreign funding agencies.
schemes of elementary education of the Department (except
National Bal Bhawan and NCTE) will converge after the IX Plan.
The National Programme for Nutritional Support to Primary
Education (Mid-Day-Meal) would remain a distinct intervention
with food grains and specified transportation costs being met by
the Centre and the cost of cooked meals being met by the State
Education Plans would inter–alia, clearly show the
funds/resource available for various components under schemes
like PMGY, JGSY, PMRY, Sunishchit Rozgar Yojana, Area fund of
MPs/MLAs, State Plan, foreign funding (if any) and resources
generated in the NGO sector.
All funds to be used for upgradation, maintenance, repair of
schools and Teaching Learning Equipment and local management to
be transferred to VECs/ School Management Committees/ Gram
Panchayat/ or any other village/ school level arrangement for
decentralisation adopted by that particular State/UT. The
village/ school-based body may make a resolution regarding the
best way of procurement.
incentive schemes like distribution of scholarships and uniforms
will continue to be funded under the State Plan. They will not
be funded under the SSA programme.
The major financial norms under SSA are:
NORMS FOR INTERVENTIONS UNDER SSA
One teacher for every 40 children in Primary and upper primary
At least two teachers in a Primary school
teacher for every class in the upper primary
2.School / Alternative schooling facility
3.Upper Primary schools/ Sector
room for every teacher in Primary & upper Primary, with the
provision that there would be two class rooms with verandah to
every Primary school with at least two teachers.
A room for Head-Master in upper Primary school/section
Ceiling of 33% of SSA programme funds.
For improvement of school facilities, BRC/CRC construction.
CRCs could also be used as an additional room.
No expenditure to be incurred on construction of office
Districts to prepare infrastructure Plans.
7.Maintenance and repair of school buildings
Only through school management committees/VECs
Upto Rs. 5000 per year as per specific proposal by the school
Must involve elements of community contribution
8. Upgradation of EGS to regular school / setting up of new
Primary school as per State
Provision for TLE @ Rs 10,000/- per school
TLE as per local context and need
Involvement of teachers and parents necessary in TLE selection
VEC/ school-village level appropriate body to decide on best
mode of procurement
Requirement of successful running of EGS centre for two years
before it is considered for upgradation.
Provision for teacher & classrooms.
9.TLE for upper-primary
@ Rs 50,000 per school for uncovered schools.
As per local specific requirement to be determined by the
teachers/ school committee
School committee to decide on best mode of procurement, in
consultation with teachers
School Committee may recommend district level procurement if
there are advantages of scale.
Rs. 2000/- per year per primary/upper primary school for
replacement of non functional school equipment
Transparency in utilisation
To be spent only by VEC/SMC
Provision of 20 days In-service course for all teachers each
year, 60 days refresher course for untrained teachers already
employed as teachers, and 30 days orientation for freshly
trained recruits @ Rs. 70/- per day
Unit cost is indicative; would be lower in non residential
all training cost
Assessment of capacities for effective training during
appraisal will determine extent of coverage.
Support for SCERT/DIET under existing Teacher Education Scheme
13.State Institute of Educational Management and Training (SIEMAT)
time assistance up to Rs. 3 crore
States have to agree to sustain
criteria for faculty to be rigorous
14.Training of community leaders
for disabled children
Upto Rs. 1200/- per child for integration of disabled
children, as per specific proposal, per year
District Plan for children with special needs will be
formulated within the Rs. 1200 per child norm
Involvement of resource institutions to be encouraged
Evaluation, supervision and monitoring
Upto Rs. 1500 per school per year
Partnership with research and resource institutions, pool of
resource teams with State specific focus
Priority to development of capacities for appraisal and
supervision through resource/research institutions and on an
Provision for regular school mapping/micro planning for up
dating of household data
By creating pool of resource persons, providing travel grant
and honorarium for monitoring, generation of community-based
data, research studies, cost of assessment and appraisal terms
& their field activities, classroom observation by resource
Funds to be spent at national, state, district, sub district,
school level out of the overall per school allocation.
Rs. 100 per school per year to be spent at national level
Expenditure at State/district/BRC/CRC/ School level to be
decided by State/UT, This would include expenditure on
appraisal, supervision, MIS, classroom observation, etc.
Support to SCERT over and above the provision under the
Teacher Education scheme may also be provided.
Involvement of resource institutions willing to undertake
state specific responsibilities
Not to exceed 6% of the budget of a district plan
To include expenditure on office expenses, hiring of experts
at various levels after assessment of existing manpower, POL,
Priority to experts in MIS, community planning processes,
civil works, gender, etc. depending on capacity available in a
Management costs should be used to develop effective teams at
State/ District/Block/Cluster levels
Identification of personnel for BRC/CRC should be a priority
in the pre-project phase itself so that a team is available
for the intensive process based planning.
18. Innovative activity for girls' education, early childhood
care & education, interventions for children belonging to SC/ST
community, computer education specially for upper primary level
Upto to Rs. 15 lakh for each innovative project and Rs. 50
lakh for a district per year will apply for SSA
ECCE and girls education interventions to have unit costs
already approved under other existing schemes.
Block Resource Centres/ Cluster Resource Centres
BRC/CRC to be located in school campus as far as possible.
Rs. 6 lakh ceiling for BRC building construction wherever
Rs. 2 lakh for CRC construction wherever required - should be
used as an additional classroom in schools.
Total cost of non-school (BRC and CRC) construction in any
district should not exceed 5% of the overall projected
expenditure under the programme in any year.
Deployment of up to 20 teacher in a block with more than 100
schools; 10 teachers in smaller Blocks in BRCs/CRCs.
Provision of furniture, etc. @ Rs. 1 lakh for a BRC and Rs.
10,000 for a CRC
Contingency grant of Rs. 12,500 for a BRC and Rs. 2500 for a
CRC, per year
Identification of BRC/CRC personnel after intensive selection
process in the preparatory phase itself.
20.Interventions for out of school children
As per norms already approved under Education Guarantee Scheme
& Alternative and Innovative Education, providing for the
following kind of interventions
Setting up Education Guarantee Centres in unserved habitations
Setting up other alternative schooling models
Bridge Courses, remedial courses, Back-to-School Camps with a
focus on mainstreaming out of school children into regular
21.Preparatory activities for microplanning, household surveys,
studies, community mobilization, school-based activities, office
equipment, training and orientation at all levels, etc.