Importance of Planning under SSA
- SSA adopts “the bottom-up” approach in planning
- Involvement of local people & stake holders in planning
- Reflection of local specificity
- Habitation as a unit of planning
- Involvement of community in planning leads to ownership
Planning – Definitions :
- It’s a Process for identifying the needs that exists in a particulars area for achieving specific goals, evolving strategies to address them and proposing suitable activities as per the strategies.
- It’s to review the present scenario to identify the needs and propose interventions to fill the gaps in order to achieve the goals of the programme.
Types of Planning :
Perspective Plan :
- It is prepared based on the present position and goals to be achieved
- It is a plan for Universalization within the time frame
- Proposes interventions over a long period
Annual Plan :
- Prioritized plan in the light of the likely available resources
- It has to be prepared every year based on the time frame fixed in Perspective Plan.
- Proposes interventions for a year
Planning done at three levels:
- Habitation Level
- Mandal Level
- District Level
Provisions under SSA:
- Opening of Education Guarantee Scheme Centers (EGS) and schools.
- Providing teachers to new schools and existing schools
- Providing teacher grant, school grant and maintenance grant
- Providing part-time instructors to schools in physical education, art education and work education
- Providing in-service teacher training
- Construction of additional classrooms
- Providing drinking water and toilet facilities
- Innovative activity – Girls Education, ECE, SC/ST Education, Minority and Urban Deprived Education and Computer Aided Learning (CAL)
- Training to community leaders.
- Opening of KGBVs to continue girls education.
- Providing uniforms to the children of weaker sections